Therapy for Depression
Depression is a low mood that lasts for a period of time and impacts your day to day functioning. It is a common and serious mental health condition that negatively affects the way you feel, think and behave. When people feel depressed, they can often stop engaging in activities that they used to. No longer engaging in these activities can result in people feeling even worse. Motivation and energy levels can decrease, social isolation can occur and there can be an increase in self critical thoughts. Depression can trigger negative emotions, result in loss of interest in activities/hobbies, can increase critical thoughts and can result in physical problems too.
Depressive symptoms can vary in their severity and can include:
- Feeling down, depressed or hopeless
- Loss of interest in activities/hobbies
- Changes in appetite
- Sleeping too much or too little
- Lack of energy/fatigued
- Increase in critical thoughts/feelings of worthlessness
- Reduced concentration
- Thoughts of life not worth living
Treatment will usually begin with something called ‘Behavioural Activation’, starting to get an individual involved in activities in the area of achievement, closeness and enjoyment. Once a solid foundation has been created with behavioural activation, work will then focus on identifying and restructuring unhelpful/negative thoughts. In CBT we believe that negative thoughts fuel unhelpful emotions and physical sensations that determine our behaviour. By challenging the unhelpful thoughts, this will hopefully result in a reduction in the unhelpful emotions and physical sensations, resulting in a positive change in behaviour.